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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

GIRALDO VILLA, Adriana et al. Intestinal failure in pediatric patients: experience and management by a multidisciplinary group. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.6, pp.2650-2657. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.6.9725.

Background: institutions with multidisciplinary teams have shown improvements in patient outcomes with intestinal failure. Multidisciplinary approach allows an integral management and effective communication between families and care teams. Objetive: describe the multidisciplinary management and outcome in pediatric patients with intestinal failure. Methods: retrospective study in patients 18 years old or less, with intestinal failure and Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN) required. Simple frequencies and percentages were used for qualitative variables, and central tendency and dispersion measures were used for quantitative variables. Results: 33 patients with a median follow up of 281 days were evaluated. The median duration of the TPN was 68 days and the mean of catheter-related infections was 2.26 per patient. In 31 patients oral or enteral nutrition was provided, starting in 61.3% of cases through tube and continuous infusion. As concomitant treatment 72.7% of children received ursodeoxycholic acid, 67.7%, cholestyramine 57.6% loperamide, 48.5% antibiotics and 36.4% probiotic. The families of 24 patients were evaluated by social work professionals. Intestinal autonomy was achieved in 69.7% of cases, 72.7% of them showed an improvement in the score z of weight and showed an end albumin significantly higher than the initial (p value: 0.012). Conclusions: the management of patients with intestinal failure is a challenge for health institutions and require care based on a standardized protocol and a multidisciplinary group.

Keywords : Intestinal diseases; Short bowel syndrome; Parenteral nutrition; Intestinal failure; Intestinal rehabilitation.

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