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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

ZHAN, Xiaodong; LI, Chaopin; JIANG, Yuxin  and  LI, Na. Epitope-based vaccine for the treatment of Der f 3 allergy. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.6, pp.2763-2770. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.6.9878.

Introduction: mites allergic asthma is caused by exposure to home dust mite (HDM). Der f 3 is believed to be one of the major allergens in mites allergic asthma. The work was to identify the immune characteristics of Der f 3 epitope-based vaccine containing T cell and B cell epitopes. Methods: T cell lines were generated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of Der f 3 allergic patients. Three T cell epitopes and five B cell epitopes of Der f 3, which we identified previously, were selected to design a polypeptide (named Der f3-peptides). DNA constructions encoding these Der f 3-peptides were expressed in Escherichia coli. The T cell lines were stimulated with the peptides and tested for proliferative capacity and cytokine production. Results: plasmid pET28a (+)-Der f 3-peptides was constructed and expressed in E. coli BL21, and the Der f3-peptides protein was purified and confirmed by Western blotting. The Der f 3-peptides were recognized by the T cell clones from allergic patients. SI value of Der f 3 group and Der f 3-peptides group were both higher than that of PBS group (P<0.05). The Der f 3 and Der f 3 peptides induced secretions of IL-4 and IL-5 were decreased compared with that of PBS group (P<0.05). The capacity of IgE-binding to Der f 3-peptides (41.25±5.67) µg/ml was decreased dramatically compared with that of Der f 3 (83.60 ± 10.92) µg/ml (P < 0.05). Conclusions: our results demonstrate that several major T cell epitopes and B cell epitopes of Der f 3 can be valuable for designing the peptide-based immunotherapeutics for the mites allergic asthma.

Keywords : Antigens; Dermatophagoides; Cytokines; Epitopes; T-lymphocyte; Immunotherapy.

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