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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

PRIETO, José Antonio et al. Relevance of a program balance in health-related quality of life of obese elderly women. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.6, pp.2800-2807. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.6.9713.

Objective: the objective of this study was to analyze the effects of a specific intervention program of strength and balance in the quality of life in obese women elderly. Material and methods: a total of 56 obese women elderly (average 67.2 +/- 2.1 age) were randomized into control group (28) and experimental (28). The experimental group carried out an exercise program based on balance and lower body strength, for 24 weeks. Balance and strength was measured before and after the intervention. Similarly, the perception health-related quality of life (HRQOL) was determined using SF-36 . Results: the experimental group showed a significant improvement in all tests. In the test of the chair was observed an increase of 28.3% after the program (P <0.05). The test countermovement jump (CMJ) reflected an improvement of 20.8% (P <0.001). Equally positive changes were detected in the test of balance with closed eyes (P <0.001). However, the significance level with open eyes was lower than with closed eyes (P <0.05). Also, was observed a significant improvement in the experimental group on monitoring in all dimensions of SF-36. Conclusion: a specific program of balance produces positive changes in the stability of a sample of obese women elderly, significantly improving HRQOL in all dimensions, emphasizing physical health and social function and mental health mental components. Are opened new avenues for greater welfare of obese women elderly.

Palabras clave : Older women; Obesity; Balance; Quality of life.

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