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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

BENITEZ BRITO, Néstor et al. Concordance in the results of control intake performance of 72 h by different health professionals in a tertiary hospital. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.6, pp.2893-2897. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.6.9740.

Introduction: the nutritional screening CIPA is positive when it fulfills one of the following parameters: Control food Intake (CI) 72 h < 50%; albumin < 3 g/dl; Body Mass Index (BMI) < 18,5 kg/m2 or Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) ≤22,5 cm (if BMI cannot be determined). The only parameter no totally objective is the CI so that this study seeks to reinforce its validity. Objectives: analyze the existing concordance among different health professionals when assessing a CI of 72 h. Materials and method: retrospective study of patients admitted in hospitalization wards (February-October 2014). Variables considered: age, sex, health service, CI of 72 h and type of diet. The aim of CI is to assess the amount of food consumed, differing between superior or inferior intakes to 50%. It is analyzed the concordance of the results CI determined by a doctor, a nurse and a nutritionist (gold.standard) by the coefficient Kappa (K). Subsequently the sensitivity (S) and specificity (Sp) of positive CI were computed. Results: 176 control of food intake were analyzed. Age 63.70 ± 14.46 years; 42% women. Units: Digestive (22.2%), Pneumology (42%), Internal Medicine (21.6%), Nephrology (9.1%), others (5.1%). Type of diet: basal (23%), therapeutic (67%), consistency (4%), progressive (3.4%), others (2.3%). It was compared the nursing CI vs. nutritionist (K = 0.798; p < 0.001), and the doctor vs. nutritionist (K = 0.823; p < 0.001). The S and Sp of nursing vs. nutritionist was 84% and 97% while between the doctor and the nutritionist was 84% and 98% respectively. Conclusions: the concordance of the results of a CI of 72 hours (intakes < or > to 50%) performed in patients hospitalized by a doctor, nurse, and nutritionist is high, minimizing subjectivity to this parameter. The CI is helpful for its use within the routine clinical practice, and particularly within the nutritional screenings, such as CIPA.

Palabras clave : Control intake; Plate waste; Nutrition assesment; Malnutrition; Hospitalization.

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