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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

GARCIA-SANJUAN, Sofía; LILLO-CRESPO, Manuel; SANJUAN-QUILES, Ángela  and  RICHART-MARTINEZ, Miguel. Dietary habits and feeding beliefs of people with Crohn's disease. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.6, pp.2948-2955. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.32.6.9894.

Introduction: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic illness of unknown etiology. The consequences that CD causes nutritionally depend on several factors. However, little is known about the nutritional practices that CD affected people adopt once diagnosed. Objective: to explore the experience of those affected in relation to food intake, with the future goal of understanding those experiences and design effective and appropriate interventions. Subjects and methods: a qualitative design based on ethnographic approach was used. 19 semi-structured interviews were conducted in Alicante, until data saturation was reached and later the analysis of categories and subcategories was developed. Results: 5 categories with their subcategories were identified from the data collected on the experience of feeding: 1) Beliefs about nutrition and CD, 2) Changing eating habits, 3) Finding information about food and CD, 4) The role of professionals, 5) Self-management. Conclusions: knowledge of the dietary habits of the person with CD, may provide professional workforce with the appropriate information for management and support in terms of prevention, health promotion and health education, useful for the organization of health institutions, where those things are not usually taken into account since the CD approach is purely based on clinical and pathological aspects. Consequently, it appears a need of a new CD perspective based on health, focused on promoting healthy habits and from a multidisciplinary approach.

Keywords : Dietary habits; Belief; Ethnography; Crohn's disease; Self-management.

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