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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

DELGADO FLOODY, Pedro; CAAMANO NAVARRETE, Felipe; OSORIO POBLETE, Aldo  y  JEREZ MAYORGA, Daniel. Variations in the nutritional status, blood pressure, and cardio respiratory fitness of the morbidly obese candidates for bariatric surgery: Benefits of physical exercise with disciplinary support. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.1, pp.54-58. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.16.

Introduction: Morbid obesity decreases considerably the hope and quality of life. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the effects of exercise with multidisciplinary support on nutritional status, the cardio respiratory fitness and blood pressure of the morbidly obese candidates for surgery to bariatric. Material and methods: Twelve women and one man between the age of 18 and 60 candidates to bariatric surgery, 10 patients with morbid obesity and 3 with obesity and comorbidities, were subjected to a 5-month program of physical exercise with nutritional education and psychological support. Body weight, body mass index (BMI), contour waist (CW), cardio respiratory fitness, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were evaluated before and after the intervention. Results: The average age of participants was 49.92 years, average height was 1.62 m. All the variables in the study improved significantly (p < 0.05): weight (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.000), CW (p = 0.005), cardio respiratory fitness (p = 0.009), systolic blood pressure (p = 0.006) and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.010). Cardio respiratory fitness increased by 9.17%, the diastolic blood pressure and systolic blood pressure decreased by 5.16% and 7.68% respectively. The BMI decreased by 8.39% and the CC a 6.63%. Conclusions: The program improved levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressure and cardio respiratory fitness. This was supplemented by the significant weight loss in the participants of this research. Physical exercise with disciplinary support demonstrated benefits for the preoperative treatment producing favorable adaptations in cardiovascular risk factors.

Palabras clave : Obesity; Morbid obesity; Physical exercise; Blood pressure.

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