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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

ARROYO-IZAGA, Marta; ANDIA MUNOZ, Virginia  y  DEMON, Geert. Design of a nutrition education program to Saharawi women residents in Tindouf camps (Argelia). Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.1, pp.91-97. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.25.

Introduction: The Saharawi population resident in the Tindouf Camps (Algeria) is considered vulnerable from the nutritional point of view. Objectives: To analyze the dietary habits of a group of Saharawi emigrant women with the aim to obtain data to design a nutrition education (NE) program for female residents in the camps. Methods: Information about dietary habits was registered in dietetic histories. The results about macro and micronutrients intake were compared to acceptable distribution ranges and the estimated average requirements. Data relating to demographic, socioeconomic and health were also obtained. Statistical analyses: SPSS software vs 22.0. Taking into account the registered and analyzed data, the review of the health programs applied in the camps and other NE programs, we designed a specific program. Results: In Sahara camps, the diet was characterized by a low intake of energy and a low consumption of fiber (6.1 [2.8] g/day), monounsaturated fatty acids (6.9 [2.9]% of the total energy intake) and the most of micronutrients. The increase in food availability, after migration into Spain, increased the energy intake, but their diet remained inadequate. The NE designed program was based on the training of educators. In this paper, detailed information on the organization and materials to use in the education intervention are shown. Discussion and conclusion: The diet of Saharawi women in camps and after migration into Spain was inadequate. This may corroborate that acculturation can be associated to unhealthy changes. The designed NE program will probably improve their nutritional health.

Palabras clave : Nutrition survey; Education; Food habits; Refugees; Women.

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