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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

CARAVALI-MEZA, Nuris Yohana; JIMENEZ-CRUZ, Arturo  y  BACARDI-GASCON, Montserrat. A prospective study regarding the effect of sugary drink consumption on obesity over a period of 12 months on Mexicans 15 to 19 years old. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.2, pp.270-276. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.102.

Background: An association between increased consumption of sugary drinks and various metabolic diseases has been reported. Objective: To evaluate the effect of consumption of sugary drinks on overweight and obesity over a period of 12 months among 15 to 19 years old in Mexico. Methods: A prospective study with a 12 month follow-up was implemented. Variables including weight, height and waist circumference (WC) were measured, and the z score of body mass index (BMI) was calculated. A questionnaire on the consumption of 19 beverages was applied. A binomial logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the prediction of increased BMI and WC resulting from the consumption of the beverages. Results: At the end of the study there was a rention of 89% (1,344). The average age was 15 years old, 55% were women. The prevalence of overweight and obesity found was 33%. The results determined that 25% of participants consumed more than 50 g of sugar per day from beverages. Those participants consuming 50 g of sugar or more per day had a higher risk for increased WC ≥ 2 cm (RR = 1.19; 95% CI, 1.03-1.39, p = 0.02). The participants that had been consuming sugary drinks for twelve months compared to those with decreased consumption of 10 g/day, were 71% more likely to have increased their BMI score ≥ 2 (RR = 1.71; 95% CI, 1.03-2.86, p = 0.039). Conclusion: The high consumption of sweetened beverages increases the likelihood of being heavier and having a larger waist circumference.

Palabras clave : Sweetened beverages consumption; Obesity; Adolescents; Prospective study.

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