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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

DELGADO FLOODY, Pedro et al. Effects of a structured physical exercise program on levels of physical fitness and nutritional status of the morbidly obese and obese with comorbidities. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.2, pp.298-302. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.107.

Introduction: The increase of the physical condition collaborates to a decrease of the factors of risk of cardiovascular disease in morbid obese in morbid population. Objective: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effects of a program of physical exercise on nutritional status and physical condition of obese and morbidly obese candidates for bariatric surgery. Material and methods: 18 women and 4 men between the ages of 18 and 60 year old candidates for bariatric surgery, 16 with morbid obesity and 6 with obesity and comorbidities were subjected to a program of physical exercise, with nutritional and psychological support during 5 months (3 session/week), before and 72 hours after the last meeting were evaluated: weight, body mass index (BMI), contour waist (CW), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, cardio respiratory fitness, bioenergetics, dynamic force maximum and hand grip strength. Results: The weight (p = 0.000), BMI (p = 0.000) and the CW (p = 0.000) showed significant changes with the intervention. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure did not improve significantly (p > 0.05). Cardio capacity, maximum dynamic force, hand grip strength and the bioenergetics capacity improved its levels reached statistical significance (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The intervention was feasible of developing, with high adhesion, it did not present risk for the health of the subjects and the physical condition increased significantly, in addition each 1 kg of weight lost there was a decrease of approximately 0,5 mmHg in systolic blood pressure and 1 cm in the contour waist, improving the conditions of the participants.

Palabras clave : Obesity; Morbid obesity; Physical exercise; Physical condition.

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