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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versão On-line ISSN 1699-5198versão impressa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumo

GUERRERO BAUTISTA, Rocío; FERRIS VILLANUEVA, Elena; CHARLOTTE VINEY, Alice  e  CHICA MARCHAL, Amelia. Familial adenomatous polyposis: a case report. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.2, pp.500-502. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.527.

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is the most common known form of polyposis. It is an autosomal dominant inherited disease characterized by the development of multiple adenomatous polyps mainly in the colon and rectum. The prevalence of this disease is approximately about 1 in every 10,000-20,000 people. The appearance of the polyps usually starts at an early age with a 100% risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC) if the patient does not receive early treatment. These lesions usually manifest during the second and third decades of life: 15% at the age of 10, 50% around 15 years of age and 95% at the age of 35. This article aims to present the clinical and nutritional evolution of a 54 years old patient diagnosed with FAP who requires complementary home parenteral nutrition (CPN), and the evaluation of these patient clinical outcomes. The evolution of anthropometric data (weight and height) and the results of laboratory parameters were followed and studied by review of medical records. The patient diagnosed with FAP was referred to our hospital after a temporary city transfer to receive nutritional support. This article describes the composition of the CPN received during the 90 days of follow up. CPN in these patients is important because of the irreversible gastrointestinal tract failure that prevents them from absorbing sufficient nutrients to maintain an adequate quality of life.

Palavras-chave : Polyposis; Familial; Parenteral nutrition.

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