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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

CLAVIJO-REDONDO, Arturo R.; VAQUERO-CRISTOBAL, Raquel; LOPEZ-MINARRO, Pedro A.  y  ESPARZA-ROS, Francisco. Kinantropometry characteristic of elite baseball players. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.3, pp.629-636. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.271.

Introduction: Anthropometric characteristics is one of the methods that they have been used in sport talent detection. However, few studies have analyzed the morphological profile of elite baseball player. Objective: To analyze the anthropometric profile of elite Spanish baseball players, classified by playing positions and globally. Material and methods: Two hundred and seventeen male baseball players (age: 23.87 ± 5.32 years) from Spanish Honor Division participated in this study. Athletes were classified based on their playing position. Anthropometric variables were measured and somatotype, body composition, body mass index (BMI) and six skinfolds sum were calculated. Results: Players did not show significant differences based on their playing position in stretch stature; body mass; triceps, subscapular, biceps, supraspinale, abdominal and medial calf skinfolds; six skinfold sum; and wrist (bi-styloid) bone breadth. There were significant differences in front thigh skinfold, arm flexed and tensed and calf girths, humerus (biepicondylar) and femur (biepicondylar) bone breadths; BMI, body composition and somatotype. Endomorphy showed a high value, mesomorphy a high or medium-high values and ectomorphy a low value. Generally, athletes showed a mesomorphic endomorph and mesomorph-endomorph somatotype, depends on the playing position. Conclusion: Baseball players of all the playing positions showed a high homogeneity in the anthropometric profile. There were only few differences in some anthropometric variables such as girths and bone breaths.

Palabras clave : Baseball; Kinanthropometry; Body composition; Sport; Exercise.

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