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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

VIZUET VEGA, Norma Isela et al. Adherence to the consumption of food supplements of PROSPERA program, in the decrease of the prevalence of anemia in children under three years old in the state of San Luis Potosí, México. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.4, pp.782-789. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.370.

Introduction: Anemia is a risk factor in children with serious consequences for growth and development. Food aid programs can contribute to its prevention and control. Objective: To study the adherence to supplement consumption and its relation to the prevalence of anemia in children under three years old in San Luis Potosi, Mexico beneficiaries of PROSPERA program. Methods: A comparative analysis was performed in 12 to 36 months old children consuming different food supplements: 414 belonging to the intervention group and 334 in the comparison group. Hemoglobin (Hb) was measured by Hemocue classifiying as anemic those who have values < 110 g/L. Student t test and χ2 were applied. Intervention effects were estimated by the method of difference in difference and a score of adherence to taking supplements. Results: At the end of the study the prevalence of anemia decreased 11.2 pp in the intervention group and 8.7 pp in the comparison group; interaction score adhesion supplement and stage of observation showed that adherence to the consumption of dairy drink + Vitaniño reduced the risk of anemia (p = 0.14). Nutrisano + Vitaniño intake was associated with a lower risk (0.2), both with respect to consumption Nutrisano. Conclusions: PROSPERA program had a significant impact in reducing the prevalence of anemia. It is recommended to take actions to improve adherence to the consumption of dietary supplements to improve the effectiveness of programs.

Keywords : Anemia; Children; Dietary supplements; Adherence.

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