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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

ARELLANO ORTIZ, Ana Lidia et al. Micronutrient deficiency in the diet of the patient with precancerous cervix lesions on a colposcopy clinic at Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.4, pp.941-947. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.396.

Introduction: Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions (SIL) is a state of transition to cervical cancer (CC), and micronutrient deficiencies can speed up this process. Therefore, determining the existence of this deficit and know what factors are associated would allow for possible prevention in this population at risk. Objective: To determine the presence of some micronutrient deficiencies involved in the anti-carcinogenic process, also associate this deficit with habits and demographic factors in patients with SIL in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua, Mexico. Methods: An analytic cross-sectional study, 102 patients were selected with SIL. A dietary survey (24-hour recall) was performed to estimate the intake of micronutrients. The deficiency was determined when the consumption was less than 75% of the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) or suggested in Mexico. Some habits and demographic factors were obtained by interview with the patient. A logistic regression was performed to associate the presence of deficiencies with factors that affecting the intake or increase the requirement of micronutrients. Results: Retinol, folic acid, zinc, vitamins C and E, considered micronutrients in the anti-carcinogenic process CC, were less than 75% of the RDA. Women with overweight, obesity and housewives, were significantly associated with micronutrient deficiencies. Conclusion: Overweight, obesity and occupation have been associated to present micronutrient deficiencies in this study. These variables converge on a possible food insecurity, which could be associated with increased incidence of CC in Mexico.

Keywords : Cervical cancer; Squamous intraepithelial lesion; Micronutrients; Recommended daily intake.

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