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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

ABAJO LARRIBA, Ana Beatriz de et al. Estimation of preventive activities in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: ADEPOCLE study. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.5, pp.1187-1193. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.585.

Objectives: To estimate the preventive activities carried out by the patients diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the province of Leon. Methods: Multicenter epidemiological, cross-sectional study (30 health centers in the province of Leon). It included patients older than 35 years diagnosed and treated for COPD. Study variables: age, sex, habitat, anthropometric data, smoking, nutritional status, physical exercise, influenza vaccination, pneumococcal vaccination (PCV13 and VNP23) phenotype, severity, exacerbations and hospitalizations. Results are expressed with their CI 95.5%. Results: 833 patients were included. 85.8% males; mean age: 64.69 (53.66-75.61) years and 20.65 (4.47-36.8) years of COPD evolution. The 86.67% (80.30-93.30) had previous history of tabaquism (n = 722) with 35.26 (17.87-52.64) years of evolution and an average consumption of 28,36 (9.60-46.86) packs per year p < 0,001, 58% being heavy smokers. In active smokers (n = 288) the most effective intervention was cognitive behavioral therapy combined with varenicline, with an abstinence of 29.86%. A total of 51.05% (49.49-52.70) of the patients with COPD quit smoking, p < 0,001. 73.67% (71.78 to 75.65) performed prescribed exercise, 88.76% (84.82 to 90.7) performed a balanced diet, 89.7% (87.8 to 91.8) were vaccinated against flu, this being more common in patients older than 65 years and hospitalized patients, p < 0.001. 9.61% (7.7 to 11.6) of unvaccinated had exacerbations that required hospitalization, p < 0.001. The VNP23 vaccination rate was 52.8% (49.3 to 56.4) vs. 4.97% (3.0 to 6.61) of PCV13, p < 0.05. Conclusions: Preventive activities in patients with COPD are performed optimally in our environment, higher than the national average, tough higher coverage rates of vaccination against pneumococcus must be achieved.

Palabras clave : COPD; Smoking; Physical exercise; Balanced diet; Pneumococical vaccine; Influenza vaccine.

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