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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

BENITEZ BRITO, Néstor et al. Assessment of the level of alimentary satisfaction received by patients in a tertiary hospital. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.6, pp.1361-1366. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.796.

Introduction: Food is a key element of nutritional support of hospitalized patients. To assess the level of food acceptance is essential to fight hospitalary malnutrition. Aims: a) To determine the level of satisfaction of patients to our diets; and b) to analyse variables associated with a higher level of satisfaction (appetite and type of diet). Material and methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study. A survey was used, including socio-demographic data, qualitative data as well as the overall assessment of the patient. The global level of satisfaction was compared depending on the appetite and on the type of diet (therapeutic versus basal; with salt versus unsalted) (non-parametric Krustal-Wallis test and T-students for independent samples, respectively). Results: One thousand four hundred and thirteen patients. Age: 53.9 ± 19 year old; 51.3% women. Therapeutic diet (34.9%). Only 39.4% took a salted diet. The 66.8% confirmed previous admissions. Food hospital for 43% of patients was "as expected", while for 44.1% "better than it was expected". Meal times were adequate for 89.1% and the time for eating enough in 96.4%. About the food served, the percentage of patients who considered as good or very good: taste (56.3%), smell (65.5%), cooked (69.2%), variety (67.6%), temperature (70.4%). The global assessment of food on scale 1 to 10 was 6.8 ± 2.3. The appetite was associated with a significant increase in global food patient satisfaction (p < 0.01). The type of diet or the presence of salt were not related to a relevant increase of satisfaction with the patient's diet (p = 0.99 y 0.35, respectively). Conclusions: Although the level of satisfaction of our hospital diet is reasonable, we should introduce improvements which enhance its acceptance. Appetite is associated with a significant increase in global food satisfaction. The presence of salt or the type of diet (basal versus therapeutic) is not related to an outstanding improvement of the overall assessment of the diet.

Keywords : Alimentary satisfaction; Nutrition assessment; Malnutrition; Hospitalization; Control of food intake.

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