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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

AVILA GARCIA, Manuel; HUERTAS DELGADO, Francisco Javier  and  TERCEDOR SANCHEZ, Pablo. Intervention programs to promote food habits and physical activity in Spanish Primary Schoolchildren: systematic review. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.6, pp.1438-1443. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.807.

Introduction: Spain is the third European country with the highest prevalence of childhood obesity, leading to the appearance of intervention programs aimed at promoting healthy food habits and/or physical activity (PA). Objective: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine those intervention programs developed in Spanish Primary schoolchildren which promote eating habits and PA and to analyze the influence that those programs had on body composition, eating habits and PA. Method: The articles published between 2000 and 2015 were reviewed in the following databases: Web of Science, Scopus, Dialnet, PubMed, Eric, Sportdiscus and Psycinfo by two independent reviewers. Results: Of a total of 813 articles, which were recorded after removing duplicates (192), reading titles and summaries (587) and reading the full texts (17), only 7 met the inclusion criteria. Conclusions: In almost the middle of the studies analyzed, the intervention programs were effective in reduction of body composition; by other side, almost the whole of the intervention programs analyzed showed effectiveness on certain food habits like fruit intake and increasing PA level.

Keywords : Intervention; Prevention; Obesity; Overweight; Schoolchildren.

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