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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


LOPEZ GOMEZ, Juan José; PEREZ CASTRILLON, José Luis; ROMERO BOBILLO, Enrique  and  LUIS ROMAN, Daniel A. de. Effect of dietary treatment of obesity on bone metabolism. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.6, pp.1452-1460. ISSN 1699-5198.

Obesity interferes with bone metabolism through mechanical, hormonal and inflammatory factors. The main treatment of this disease is the diet with modification of the amount and type of food. This nutritional therapy has an influence on bone metabolism in two ways: It modifies the effect of overweight and obesity on bone; and it intervenes in bone turnover through the characteristics of the nutrients used. This review examines the evidence of the effect on bone of weight loss and dietary pattern used. Moreover, we will assess the modifications that can be made in weight-reduction diet to prevent short and long term bone loss and reduce the risk of fracture.

Keywords : Obesity; Bone metabolism; Diet therapy; Weight loss.

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