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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

LATORRE GARCIA, Julio et al. Influence of the aquatic phisical activity for the neurologic development of the babies: systematic review. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2016, vol.33, suppl.5, pp.10-17. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.515.

Introduction: Physical activity in infants through aquatic therapy is widely known for the further development of sensory, motor and cognitive areas. Thus, the baby will have a greater sense of freedom, pleasure and remember the maternal womb. In addition, the therapeutic margin of safety in the water is very broad, allowing optimal development of water early stimulation programs. Aim: To conduct a systematic review of the scientific literature related to physical exercise in the water and its influence on motor development in babies. Methods: We conducted a systematic search through the PRISMA model. The search for the articles of the present review was conducted in databases via Scopus and PubMed as well as web of Science (WOS) and official websites of international organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO/WHO). The review was conducted between May and November 2015. Results: A total of 14 articles that met the inclusion criteria are included. Performing water exercises in infants has more benefits than risks. There is no increase in infectious, respiratory or allergic diseases. By contrast, beneficial effects are described in the social sphere, greater attachment with parents and positive effects on mobility, coordination and speed of reaction to stimuli. Water is a suitable means for the treatment of children with functional diversity, as it reduces spasticity and allows more extensive than on land movements. Conclusions: The methodology used in the studies included in this review is different. Babies who perform physical activity in water are increased functional mobility, coordination and socialization, both parents and with other babies present in the intervention group. Some studies indicate that aquatic exercises promote improvements in neurodevelopment.

Palabras clave : Motor development; Physical activity; Babies.

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