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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

TORMO-SANTAMARIA, María et al. The health educator network as a nutrition education strategy: the example of the EDALNU programme (1963-1994). Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.3, pp.738-744. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.513.

Food and nutrition education is an essential tool to ensure public health. The year 1961 saw the launch of the Food and Nutrition Education Programme (EDALNU), which helped Spanish population to complete their nutrition transition. The aim of this study was to analyze the characteristics of the health education network which was created as part of the program.

A total of 46,752 people, 94% of whom were women, received training on food and nutrition. Of these, 89.54% obtained the basic certificate, and 8.80% were awarded the diploma. Some 1,407 courses were given, reaching a peak in 1979 with 131 courses and 4,029 students. The most active provinces were Madrid, with 26.65% of the courses; Valencia, with 7.60%; Murcia, with 7.53%, and Malaga, with 6.75%. The Spanish Ministry of Culture and Education organized the largest number of courses (26.23%), followed by the Women's Section (11.16%) and Catholic Action (5.12%). Diploma courses were taught for 160 hours, while basic courses lasted 40 hours.

The training delivered was affected by changes in the EDALNU program and the Spanish administrative and political structure. Our research revealed that the development and gender balance of the network of trainers presented regional inequalities, and that a wide range of institutions were involved in delivering the courses.

Keywords : Food and nutrition education; Health education; Health promotion; Public health policies; Nutrition policies and programs; History; 20th century Spain.

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