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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

ROMERO JIMENEZ, Rosa M.ª; ORTEGA NAVARRO, Cristina  and  CUERDA COMPES, Cristina. Polypharmacy and enteral nutrition in patients with complex chronic diseases. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2017, vol.34, suppl.1, pp.57-76. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.1240.

Oral medications are often administered through enteral feeding tubes in patients with complex chronic diseases. It is important to consider possible interactions between drugs and enteral nutrition that might lead to unsuccessful treatment or tube occlusion. These patients become subjects for higher risk of problems and errors such as drug incompatibility with enteral nutrition and inappropriate dosage form selection. It is possible to minimize the risk of tube occlusion and incompatibilities problems by recognizing potential medication errors, selecting the most appropriate drug and dosage form and using appropriate administration techniques. In this context, high-alert medications for patients with chronic diseases deserve special attention. Furthermore, risk exposure should be considered among healthcare professionals and patient caregivers handling hazardous drugs. Therefore, main incompatibility problems between drugs and enteral nutrition have been reviewed, including general recommendations for administration of oral medications through enteral feeding tubes and safe handling of hazardous drugs. Specific recommendations for administration of high-alert medications for patients with chronic diseases are also included.

Keywords : Polypharmacy; Enteral nutrition; Food-drug interactions; Chronic diseases; Drug therapy.

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