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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

AJEJAS-BAZAN, M.ª-Julia et al. Prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity in Spain 1993-2011 and associated risk factors in 2011. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.1, pp.84-89. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.1355.

Introduction:

Childhood obesity is a recognized public health problem. The present work reports the changing prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity in Spanish boys and girls over the period 1993-2011, and examines the risk factors apparent in 2011.

Methods:

Children with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥ 25 were deemed overweight, and those with a BMI of ≥ 30 were deemed obese. Overweight and obesity was consistently more common among boys than among girls.

Results:

The prevalence of overweight and obesity in Spain increased over the study period.

Conclusions:

According to the 2011 data, children who undertook no physical activity, or whose parents/guardians had a low level of education, showed the highest prevalence of obesity.

Palabras clave : Overweight; Pediatric obesity; Prevalence; Risk factors.

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