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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


CAMBLOR-ALVAREZ, Miguel et al. Nutritional support and parenteral nutrition in the oncological patient: an expert group consensus report. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.1, pp.224-233. ISSN 1699-5198.


Malnutrition is a frequent medical problem of cancer patients that negatively impacts their quality of life.


To analyze and respond to different issues related to the nutritional management of cancer patients in the clinical setting.


A multidisciplinary group of experts in Medical Oncology, Pharmacy, and Nutrition developed a list of topics related to the nutritional status of cancer patients, which were grouped into three blocks: Nutritional support; Parenteral nutrition (PN); and Home PN (HPN) in cancer patients. A literature search, which included articles published in Spanish, English, and French until February 2017, was carried out. The document was organized as a questionnaire with those questions that, according to the panel's criteria, could generate greater controversy or doubt.


Of the 18 questions addressed, 9 focused on nutritional support: 5 were related to PN and 4 about HPN. Among the different recommendations, the panel emphasized that in the cancer patient, PN is indicated mainly when it is not possible to use the digestive tract and/or oral feeding and/or enteral nutrition is not sufficient or possible. Additionally, the objective of the HPN is to improve or maintain the nutritional status of a patient at home.


This document seeks to lay down a set of recommendations and to identify key issues that may be useful for the nutritional management of cancer patients.

Keywords : Nutrition; Nutritional support; Enteral Nutrition; Parenteral Nutrition; Home parenteral Nutrition; Cancer.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )