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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

FERNANDEZ-ARGUELLES, Daniel  and  FERNANDEZ-RIO, Javier. Body mass index, motives for extracurricular sport practice and family type in grade 6 Primary Education children. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.3, pp.557-563. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.1473.

Introduction:

obesity has many edges. Therefore, three complementary studies were conducted.

Objectives:

study 1: determining body mass index (BMI) of the whole population of grade 6 students of a middle-size city and assessing their extracurricular sport habits. Study 2: assessing the motives for sport practice. Study 3: examining the role that family plays in extracurricular sport practice.

Methods:

mixed focus, ex-post-facto transversal design. Study 1: 377 grade 6 students. Instruments: measuring rod, scale and questionnaire. Study 2: 275 grade 6 students. Instruments: questionnaire (BREQ-3; MPAM-R). Study 3: 228 parents. Instrument: Families' Perception Questionnaire.

Results:

study 1: BMI: 20.73 ± 4.12 kg/m2, 38.7% overweight, 10.1% obesity, 73% practice sport. BMI: no significant differences between those who practice sports and those who do not; significant differences based on socioeconomic status. Study 2: high intrinsic motivation; motive to participate: enjoyment. Study 3: parents value the importance of doing physical activity; significant differences favor those whose children play sports and have medium-high socioeconomic status. Parents whose children play sport: good for their health/development, he/she likes/choses it, socialization and values; parents whose children do not play sport: children's lack of time, he/she does not like it (can't find a sport he/she likes), parent's lack of time.

Conclusions:

BMI close to overweight; extracurricular sports do not make a difference in BMI, socioeconomic status does (study 1). Sport participants intrinsically motivated, playing sports for enjoyment (study 2). Family: a model for sport practice (study 3).

Keywords : Body mass index; Primary Education; Obesity; Sport; Motivation.

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