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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

BILLIAUWS, Lore; THOMAS, Muriel; LE-BEYEC-LE-BIHAN, Johanne  and  JOLY, Francisca. Intestinal adaptation in short bowel syndrome. What is new?. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.3, pp.731-737. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.1952.

Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is a well-known cause of intestinal failure (IF) (1). SBS occurs after extensive resection of the small bowel (RSB) resulting in a bowel length of less than 150/200 cm. The colon may have been partially or completely removed. SBS patients experience severe water and nutrient malabsorption, so that they are often managed with parenteral nutrition (PN) to supplement their oral intake (2,3,4). A complete understanding of the pathophysiology of SBS and postoperative adaptations may allow identifying the spontaneous processes that compensate for the reduction in absorptive surface. A better knowledge of these adaptive mechanisms may help to improve the management of patient nutrition, to reduce the need for PN and to prevent D-encephalopathy episodes. This review focuses on the overall adaptations described in adult SBS patients but does not review pediatric cases.

Keywords : Short bowel syndrome; Intestinal failure; Parenteral nutrition; GLP-2 analog; Intestinal adaptation.

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