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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

COS, Ana Isabel de  y  SOCIEDAD DE ENDOCRINOLOGIA, NUTRICION Y DIABETES DE LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID (SENDIMAD) et al. Recommendations for clinical practice in diabetes and obesity. The Madrid Agreements. Document agreed by the working groups of the scientific societies: SENDIMAD, SOMAMFYC, SEMG Madrid, SEMERGEN Madrid and RedGDPS. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.4, pp.971-978.  Epub 18-Nov-2019. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.1646.

The increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and the worldwide expansion of overweight and obesity are intrinsically linked. The percentage of diabetes attributable to weight gain amounts to more than 80% in many countries. This relationship is addressed in a Spanish Consensus Document from SEMI, SED, redGDPS, SEC, SEEDO, SEEN, SEMERGEN and SEMFYC published in 2015 and which gathers best available evidences. Based on the statements of this consensus document, we propose five recommendations for clinical practice to establish a diagnosis of precision and the most appropriate treatment for joint diabetes and obesity. These recommendations have been agreed by the SENDIMAD, SOMAMFYC, SEMG Madrid and RedGDPS Working Groups:

For every patient with diabetes and obesity, in addition to the calculation of the body mass index, the percentage of body fat and the approximation to the assessment of body composition should be evaluated throughout the whole process (both at the beginning and follow up).

The approximation to the degree and distribution of body fat requires the measurement and recording of the waist circumference of these patients.

The integrated assessment of the patient with type 2 diabetes-obesity requires the evaluation of the degree of physical activity and/or characterization of the sedentary condition.

The prescription of lifestyle changes should be incorporated into therapeutic education (individualized, flexible, autonomous and sustainable diet and physical activity plan.

The pharmacological approach in the treatment of type 2 diabetes-obesity implies the choice of anti-diabetic drugs that facilitate the loss of fat.

Palabras clave : Type 2 diabetes; Overweight-obesity; Lifestyle; Body fat.

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