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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

MARTIN SALVADOR, Adelina et al. Causes and components of the metabolic syndrome in renal transplant recipients from a gender perspective. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.5, pp.1079-1084.  Epub 20-Ene-2020. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.1717.

Introduction:

the appearance of metabolic syndrome (MS) among renal recipients is one of the greatest post-transplant complications and is associated with an increased risk of graft failure and high rates of obesity and new onset diabetes.

Objective:

the objective of this work is to identify the relationship between the glomerular filtration rate measured by two different methods and the components of the metabolic syndrome and their combinations in kidney transplant patients according to gender.

Material and method:

the samples consisted of 500 kidney transplant recipients, of whom 190 had MS, 121 men and 69 women. All subjects underwent clinical evaluation and blood sampling for laboratory measurements. The MS was determined according to the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP-III). Renal function was estimated using AMDRD equations and CrS determinations.

Results:

the average age was 55.5 years. The prevalence of MS was significantly higher in men (23.1% < vs 9.8%). High blood pressure (HBP) was the most observed component of MS. Significant correlations (Pearson, p < 0.05) between TFG-AMDRD and TFG CrS and metabolic markers were observed more in men than in women. The body mass index (BMI) was significantly higher in women than in men.

Conclusions:

the decrease in renal function associated with the components of MS, HBP and obesity represent a high risk of adverse cardiovascular events and graft rejections.

Palabras clave : Kidney transplantation; Lipid alterations; Hyperlipidemia; Hypertriglyceridemia; Anthropometry; Bone mineral density.

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