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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

MORALES GUERRERO, Josefina Consuelo et al. Is there a risk of adverse health effects from the consumption of fortified foods in Mexico?. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2018, vol.35, n.6, pp.1356-1365.  Epub Feb 03, 2020. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.1832.

Introduction:

according to the nutriment addition scheme from the current Mexican legislation, there is no data about overdose or adverse effects caused by a nutriment, or any information showing the risk for the population in Mexico. This work is classified as descriptive and observational.

Aim:

to assess the risk of consuming fortified food products (FFP) in Mexico.

Methods:

the study was done in three phases: a) selection of the FFP and acquisition of the information from the nutritional facts label; b) elaboration of six diets according to the socioeconomic status, both in rural and urban areas, based on the ENIGH and ENSANUT surveys; and c) comparison of these diets with regimes containing FFP, calculated for an adult-equivalent (2,828 kcal).

Results:

the FFP represent 10% of all the products in the market, being milk, corn and wheat flour, and their byproducts the most abundant. The six diets containing FFP were deficient in calcium, ascorbic acid and vitamins D and E. However, vitamins from the B complex were over the recommendation values. In general, any added nutriment was over the tolerable upper intake levels (UL).

Conclusions:

we demonstrated that the nutriment concentrations in the FFP do not reach the UL values and are not a risk for the Mexican population; however, they improve the nutritional contribution of the FFP.

Keywords : Nutrients; Added food; Hypervitaminosis; Mexico.

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