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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

ARBUES, Enrique-Ramón et al. Prevalence of overweight/obesity and its association with diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional study of a sample of workers in Aragón, Spain. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.1, pp.51-59. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.1980.

Objectives:

to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in a sample of workers in Aragón (Spain) and to assess its associations with diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension and metabolic syndrome.

Methods:

cross-sectional study of a sample of 23,729 workers. Data from routine medical check-ups (physical examination, blood analysis and structured questionnaire) practiced by MAS Sociedad de Prevención were used.

Results:

prevalence of overweight and obesity was 38.6% and 18.4%, respectively (higher in males). Prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome was 7.6%, 20.1%, 31.3% and 7.5%, respectively. There was a significant association between overweight and obesity and prevalence of diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension and metabolic syndrome.

Conclusions:

states of overweight and obesity are common in the working population and are related to a significant increase in the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. It is necessary to promote strategies for prevention and management of body weight in the working population.

Keywords : Overweight; Obesity; Diabetes mellitus; Hypertension; Dyslipidemia; Metabolic syndrome.

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