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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

ALVAREZ ZARAGOZA, Citlalli et al. Bone mineral density and biochemical and hormonal indicators in children with quadriplegic cerebral palsy. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.3, pp.517-525.  Epub 10-Feb-2020. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.2262.

Introduction:

children with cerebral palsy (CP) have multiple risk factors for low bone mineral density or osteoporosis.

Objective:

to explore the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and biochemical and hormonal indicators of bone metabolism in children with quadriplegic cerebral palsy (CP).

Methods:

a cross-sectional analytical study included 59 participants from six to 18 years of age with quadriplegic CP. Serum concentrations of calcium, phosphorus, 25OHD metabolite, parathyroid hormone (PTH), alkaline phosphatase, and thyroid hormones were determined using standardized methods. The BMD measurement was obtained from the lumbar spine expressed in g/cm2 and Z-score. Unpaired Student's t-test, Chi-square test, odds ratio and Pearson's correlation were performed.

Results:

participants with CP and malnutrition had lower serum concentrations of calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase. Those who had low BMD showed lower serum concentrations of calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase. Most participants with low and normal BMD had vitamin D deficiency (27.1% and 10%) and insufficiency (35.4% and 30%), respectively. There was a significant correlation between BMD and serum concentrations of calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, vitamin D and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). There were no differences in the biochemical and hormonal indicators by level of gross motor function, use of anticonvulsants and oral versus enteral feeding method.

Conclusion:

malnutrition and alteration of vitamin D nutritional status were associated with low BMD and alterations of biochemical indicators of bone metabolism in pediatric patients with quadriplegic CP. The relationship between BMD and biochemical indicators of bone metabolism in children with quadriplegic CP was also demonstrated.

Palabras clave : Bone mineral density; Quadriplegic cerebral palsy; Bone metabolism; Vitamin D; Phosphorus; Alkaline phosphatase.

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