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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

LARA, Melissa; SISA, Ivan  y  YEPEZ, Martha Cecilia. Breakfast skipping, nutritional status, and physical activity in a middle-aged Latin American population: a population-based study from Ecuador. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.5, pp.1123-1132.  Epub 24-Feb-2020. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.02393.

Introduction:

the failure to eat breakfast has been associated with weight gain, a lower level of physical activity, and poor diet quality.

Objective:

to examine the frequency of skipping breakfast in an Ecuadorian population and its association with nutritional status and level of physical activity.

Methods:

a cross-sectional study of individuals who reported breakfast omission in a national survey. Nutritional status and physical activity were evaluated through anthropometric measures and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, respectively.

Results:

the mean age of the study sample was 34.2 ± 14 years, 40% were aged 20 to 34 years, one half were women, 55% were living in the coastal region, and one half were classified as low socioeconomic status. Overall, 6.6% of participants did not mention breakfast in both recalls. Individuals who skipped breakfast were more likely to be aged 20 to 34 years (42.6% vs. 37.4%) and from the coastal region (61.1% vs. 51.8%) than those who ate breakfast. We did not find an association between skipping breakfast and being overweight or obese (35.2% vs. 36.1%), nor achieving a low level of physical activity (28.6% vs. 29.8%). In addition, breakfast consumers (vs. non-consumers) had higher intake of total energy, macronutrients (protein, carbohydrate, fat, and sugar), and micronutrients (fiber and calcium).

Conclusions:

in Ecuador, ~ 7% of the population skips breakfast. The nutritional status and level of physical activity did not differ between those who ate breakfast and those who did not. However, the long-term health consequences should be avoided by changing this eating habit.

Palabras clave : Breakfast skipping; Obesity; Physical activity; Nutrition; Ecuador.

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