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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

GONG, Yuanfeng et al. Selenium concentration, dietary intake and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma – A systematic review with meta-analysis. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.6, pp.1430-1437.  Epub 24-Feb-2020. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.02776.

Aim:

this study was performed to investigate the association between selenium concentrations, dietary intake, and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Methods:

we identified eligible studies in PubMed and EMBASE databases, in addition to the reference lists of original studies and review articles on this topic, up to 1 Feb 2019. A summary of standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) was calculated using a random-effects model. Heterogeneity between studies was assessed using Cochran Q and I2 statistics.

Results:

finally, a meta-analysis showed that dietary intake of selenium and tissue selenium concentration were not associated with HCC risk (dietary SMD = -0.11, 95% CI-0.26 to 0.03; tissue SMD = -0.12, 95% CI-0.56 to 0.33). However, samples from toenail, whole blood, and serum all showed an inverse association with HCC risk (toenail SMD = -0.53, 95% CI-0.72 to -0.35; whole blood SMD = -2.21, 95% CI-2.67 to -1.76; tissue SMD = -1.26, 95% CI-1.71 to -0.81). Dose-response data from few studies showed that an extra increase in serum selenium was dramatically related with a lower risk of HCC (adjusted p-trend < 0.05). This study showed that selenium concentration in toenail, whole blood and serum was inversely associated with HCC risk.

Conclusion:

increased concentration in serum selenium was related to a lower risk of HCC. However, these results based on dietary intake and tissue samples, which included few studies, did not reach statistical significance.

Palabras clave : Selenium; Selenoprotein; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Morbidity; Meta-analysis.

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