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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

ESCANDON-NAGEL, Neli  y  LARENAS-SAID, Josefa. Anti-obesity attitudes, food symptomatology and meanings associated with obesity in students linked to the health area. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.2, pp.285-292.  Epub 03-Ago-2020. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.20960/nh.02791.

Introduction:

people with obesity are often subjected to weight-related stigma by the population. Career students linked to the approach to obesity, as part of society, also experience anti-obesity attitudes, which can affect the quality of care they will offer.

Objectives:

to analyze the differences by sex, in university students linked to the health area, in anti-obesity attitudes, drive for thinness, bulimia, and body dissatisfaction, identifying variables allowing to predict negative attitudes regarding obesity. In addition, the meanings associated with excess malnutrition were explored.

Method:

with a cross-sectional, non-experimental design and non-probabilistic, convenience sampling 212 participants were accessed. Instruments included: AFA, EDI-2, and natural semantic networks.

Results:

women showed higher values than men in all the variables studied (p < 0.05) except bulimia (p > 0.05). Drive for thinness was the only predictor for anti-obesity attitudes (R2= 0.40). The most prevalent meanings attached to people with obesity were “illness” and “psychological issues”.

Conclusions:

the presence of drive for thinness in students who will work in the comprehensive approach to obesity is a predisposing factor to experiencing anti-obesity attitudes. Among the most prevalent meanings associated with overweight in this group are psychological issues, rather than concepts related to food and physical activity. All this can have a negative impact on the quality of the care they offer.

Palabras clave : Obesity; Anti-obesity Attitudes; Drive for Thinness; Bulimia; Body Dissatisfaction.

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