Anales de Medicina Interna
versión impresa ISSN 0212-7199
ONA LACASTA, L. de; GOMEZ FERNANDEZ, M. y CELDRAN GIL, J.. Pneumonia in the elderly: Nursing home patients and risk classes. An. Med. Interna (Madrid) [online]. 2002, vol.19, n.3, pp.19-23. ISSN 0212-7199.
The residence and underlying diseases could be increase the severity and risk in the pneumonia in the elderly patient. Background: To analyse demographics qualities and mortality in elderly inpatients with pneumonia, in relation with kind of residence, and to determine the risk classes distribution. Method: Were studied inpatients with 65 years old or more, with pneumonia in a period of 12 months, taking demographics values and underlying diseases, including each patient in a risk class (II to V). Results: One hundred and three patients were studied (78,5 years mean age- SD 7,16), 67 males and 36 females, 80% includes in high risk classes, with 15,5% mortality. 17,5% were home nursing, older (82,7 years mean age-SD 5,72-) (p<0,002), predominantly females and in high risk classes, and with lower length of hospital stay. Conclusions: The elderly patients with community-acquired pneumonia was high risk. Home nursing was older, more risk and lower length of hospital stay.
Palabras clave : Pneumonia; Risk; Elderly; Home nursing; Dementia.