Anales de Medicina Interna
versión impresa ISSN 0212-7199
SANCLEMENTE, C. et al. Hospital mortality in an Internal Medicine Service. An. Med. Interna (Madrid) [online]. 2004, vol.21, n.7, pp.9-13. ISSN 0212-7199.
The Internal Medicine service of the Hospital General de Vic (Barcelona) takes part in the mortality committee by revising and discussing in-hospital mortality. Background: to establish the characteristics of the deceased, death causes and to revise possible changes in the last six-years time or problems related to the exitus, to evaluate and improve hospitalized patients' assistance. Methodology: every case was revised following a specific register: demographical data, diagnosis and death cause, hospital death, documentation data, terminal or agonic situation when hospitalized, autopsies and death quality data. Exitus due to hospital problems were analyzed and classified in different groups. The statistical analysis was performed with measures of central tendency and of standard deviation. Results: During the revised six years, there were 819 exitus (5.1%). Global average death age was 79 ± 1.8 years: 52.5% were men and 47.4% were women; 22.8% died in less than forty-eight hours after hospitalization. The most frequent death causes were cerebrovascular accident (24%), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (14.4%) and pneumonia (9.6%). There were a small number of autopsies (4.8%). Ratio of exitus due to hospital problems was stable during the six years (0.5%), in which nosocomial infection was the severest problem. Conclusions: The total percentage of exitus was 5.1%, higher than the common standards. Mortality causes coincide with other series. Ratio of exitus due to hospital problems was according to recommended objectives. The number of autopsies was very small. A correct completing and revision of the clinical recording is indispensable to spot a shortage in the hospitalized patients' assistance.
Palabras clave : In-hospital mortality; Adverse events; Autopsy; Assistance quality.