Anales de Medicina Interna
versión impresa ISSN 0212-7199
SALGADO ORDONEZ, F. et al. Epidemiological characteristics and mortality risk factors in patients admitted in hospitals with soft tissue infections: A multicentric STIMG (Soft Tissue Infections Malacitan Group) study results. An. Med. Interna (Madrid) [online]. 2006, vol.23, n.7, pp.310-316. ISSN 0212-7199.
Objectives: To describe the characteristics of patients admitted in hospitals with soft tissue infections, and analyse the variables whose died, in order to define risk groups. Method: retrospective analysis of medical reports of all patient admitted during 2002 year for soft tissue infections in public malacitans hospitals. We excluded the patient with soft tissue infections associated with burns, surgery, pressure ulcers, and orbit cellulitis. We analysed clinical, biochemical variables and indications for yields and imaging tests, so the empiric antibiotic treatment established and its correlations with practice guidelines. Results: We analysed 391 admissions of 374 patients. Cellulitis was the most frequent diagnosis (69.3%).We did imaging tests in 51.6%. In 94.3% of cases were treated with empirics antibiotics. The most prescribed drug was amoxiciline plus clavulanate (39%). 27 patients died, 40.7% of them for septic cause. All deceased patients had chronic diseases. The only biochemical parameters associated with mortality were serum proteins and albumina (55 ± 9 g/L vs. 63 ± 8 g/L; p = 0.0231) and (22 ± 7 g/L vs. 29 ± 7 g/L; p = 0.0125) respectively. Conclusions: Cellullitis are the most frequent soft tissue infections that requires admissions in hospitals. We overuse imaging test and don't follow the practice guidelines recommendations in antibiotic therapy. Primary soft issue infection's mortality is low and it's restricted to people with chronic illness, deep infections and bad nutritional status.
Palabras clave : Soft tissue infections; Hospital mortality; Outcome assessment.