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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728


POSTIGO, Silvia; GONZALEZ, Remedios; MONTOYA, Inmaculada  and  ORDONEZ, Ana. Theoretical proposals in bullying research: a review. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2013, vol.29, n.2, pp.413-425. ISSN 1695-2294.

Four decades of research into peer bullying have produced an extensive body of knowledge. This work attempts to provide an integrative theoretical framework, which includes the specific theories and observations. The main aim is to organize the available knowledge in order to guide the development of effective interventions. To that end, several psychological theories are described that have been used and/or adapted with the aim of understanding peer bullying. All of them, at different ecological levels and different stages of the process, may describe it in terms of the relational dynamics of power. It is concluded that research needs to take this integrative framework into account, that is to say to consider multi-causal and holistic approaches to bullying. For the intervention, regardless of the format or the target population, the empowerment of the individuals, and the social awareness of the use and abuse of personal power are suggested.

Keywords : Bullying; peer violence; theoretical framework; review.

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