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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728


GALICIA-MOYEDA, Iris X.; SANCHEZ-VELASCO, Alejandra  and  ROBLES-OJEDA, Francisco J.. Self-efficacy in school age adolescents: its relationship with depression, academic achievement and family relationships. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2013, vol.29, n.2, pp.491-500. ISSN 1695-2294.

Family relationships are regarded as mediating elements in different types of self-efficacy. However, there is few evidence on the mediating of family relationships with academic self efficacy. In respect to the latter, its relation to anxiety has been reported and its link with depression has been poorly documented. This work explores the relationship between depression, academic self-efficacy, family dynamics and academic achievement. Eighty middle school students participated, divided into two groups by their scores m Kovacs' Inventory of Depression. One group was formed with those students diagnosed with severe depression; the other one was formed with students diagnosed without depression. Both groups were applied two scales: that of Family Enviromental Scale and that of Self Efficacy. The results show an inverse relationship between depression and total self-efficacy. Family cohesion positively correlates total self efficacy and the factor of academic self efficacy on subjects without depression, while, on subjects severely depressed, conflictive family relations correlate in a negative way both the social self efficacy factor and the total academic self efficacy.

Keywords : Adolescence; self-efficacy; depression; family relationships; familiy cohesion; conflict; academic achievement.

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