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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

ALBALADEJO-BLAZQUEZ, Natalia; FERRER-CASCALES, Rosario; REIG-FERRER, Abilio  and  FERNANDEZ-PASCUAL, Mª-Dolores. Does school violence occur in Preschool and Primary Education?: an assessment and management proposal. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2013, vol.29, n.3, pp.1060-1069. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.29.3.158431.

Traditional research on school violence has focused mainly on the later primary education grades and on secondary education, and has barely addressed the presence, characteristics, assessment, and intervention of interpersonal problems at early ages. The aim of this study was to construct and validate a questionnaire that identifies the onset and the most frequent forms of school violence in the first years of schooling in order to design effective prevention programs. The study participants were 195 children from the last year of preschool and the first stage of primary education. The research carried out demonstrates that the instrument, the Questionnaire for the Assessment of School Violence in the Preschool and Primary School (Cuestionario de Evaluación de Violencia Escolar en Infantil y Primaria, CEVEIP), has adequate psychometric properties. The instrument includes 27 self-report items that assess seven typologies of violence that occur in the school setting at early ages from three perspectives: observed violence, experienced violence, and perpetrated violence. The results reveal that violent behaviour of a low or moderate frequency and intensity is present, beginning in the first years of schooling. These levels of violence could be better managed in the educational setting in order to enhance students' personal development.

Keywords : school violence; preschool; primary school; assessment; psychometric properties.

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