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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

MUGLIA-WECHSLER, Amanda; BRAGADO-ALVAREZ, Carmen  and  HERNANDEZ-LLOREDA, María J.. Effectiveness of psychological interventions intended to promote adjustment of children with cancer and their parents: an overview. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.1, pp.93-103. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.1.149161.

This article aims at providing a general overview of psychological interventions intended to promote psychological adjustment of children with cancer and their parents. To achieve this goal, we reviewed published articles between 1998-2010, using a combination of the following key words: psychosocial intervention, psychotherapy, trial, treatment, adjustment, wellbeing, adaptation, cancer, childhood cancer, pediatric cancer, anxiety and depression in the electronic databases: Psycinfo, Medline, Scielo, Lilacs, Psicodoc and Psyarticles. Fourteen articles were found and analyses show that most interventions had some efficacy in the psychological adjustment of children and their parents; nevertheless, there is a limited number of treatments that can in fact be considered effective. The convenience of psychological interventions is discussed and how they must comprehend strengths and the promotion of psychological health and should not be based solely on deficits and psychopathological models. Possibly, this reorientation will help fostering significant clinic changes regarding the stress associated to cancer and its treatment.

Keywords : Psychological adjustment; psychological interventions; childhood cancer; overview.

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