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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

MARCO, José H.; PERPINA, Conxa  and  BOTELLA, Cristina. The treatment of the body image disturbances in eating disorders and clinically significant change. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.2, pp.422-430. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.2.151291.

Body image disturbance is a significant maintenance and prognosis factor in eating disorders. Hence, existing eating disorder treatments can benefit from direct intervention m patients' body image. This paper includes a controlled study comparing cognitive behavioural treatment for eating disorders with and without a component for body image treatment using virtual reality techniques. The objective of this work was to check if both types of treatment produced a change clinically significant at the end of the treatment and the follow-up to the year, in body image, eating disorders and general psychopathology. Thirty-four participants diagnosed with eating disorders were treated and compared with the general population with low vulnerability to eating disorders. Results showed that only in the patients who received the body image treatment obtained a change clinically significant. The implications and limitations of these results are discussed below.

Keywords : Virtual reality; clinically Significant change; anorexia nervosa; bulimia nervosa; body image; eating disorders; psychological treatment; cognitive-behavior therapy.

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