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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

MARTINEZ-ZARAGOZA, Fermín et al. Predictors of distress in hospital physicians: protective and vulnerability factors. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.2, pp.579-587. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.2.161421.

This study investigates the relationship between protective and vulnerability factors affecting health (distréss) in medical staff. Participants were 127 doctors from four public hospitals, who were administered the Occupational Stress in Health Professionals Inventory, the Ways of Coping Questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Symptom Check-list-90 Revised Questionnaire, and the Flow Trait Scale-2. Following the methodology of Partial Least Squares modeling (PLS), an explanation is given for distréss in hospital physicians, where the avoidance coping strategy produces distréss directly (β = .296) and indirectly (β = .139) th rough its influence on the increase of burnout (β = .314), which in turn is increased by occupational stress (β = .209). Professional flow, measured by professional efficacy and flow, acts as a good protector against distréss (β = -.133), partly compensating the effects of the variables which have an increasing impact on an individual's distréss (GoF = .983). To sum up, when trying to predict a physician's distréss, four key elements should be considered: avoidance coping and its indirect effect through burnout on distréss; the burnout construct itself and professional flow.

Keywords : Hospital physicians; burnout; flow; distréss; partial least squares modeling.

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