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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

PAMIES, Lidia  and  QUILES, Yolanda. Perfectionism and risk factors for the development of eating disorders in Spanish adolescents of both genders. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.2, pp.620-626. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.2.158441.

The aim of this study was to assess the dimensions of perfectionism that are linked to risk eating behaviors in a representative sample of Spanish adolescents of both genders, and analyze the differences in these dimensions between adolescents with high and low eating disorder risk. Method: 2142 adolescents from Alicante (1130 girls and 1012 boys), mean age 13.96 years (SD = 1.34), completed the Spanish version of the The Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale (CAPS) and the EAT-40.Results: Self-Oriented Perfectionism and Socially Prescribed Perfectionism were positively associated with EAT-40 total score, and with the different factors that comprise it, in both genders. Adolescents with high risk of developing an eating disorder showed higher Self-Oriented Perfectionism and Socially Prescribed Perfectionism than adolescents with low risk of developing the disorder. Conclusion: These results suggest that it is necessary to identify these perfectionist tendencies in adolescents before they become pathological behaviors, in order to prevent the development of an eating disorder.

Keywords : Perfectionism; risk factor; adolescents; personality; eating disorders.

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