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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

AVILES, Carlos et al. Perceptual-motor expertise and cognition in sport: from ecological and dynamic approach to enaction. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.2, pp.725-737. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.2.158611.

In this paper three alternative theoretical streams to cognitivism, with particular emphasis on enactivism are discussed in order to explain the sport skill acquisition process and human control of movement. In the first part, main concepts of ecological psychology are outlined, like movement regulation, direct perception or mutual interdependence between perception and action. Afterwards, using dynamical model as background, some concepts of motor skill coordination are explained (i.e., constraints or movement emergency). The next section will be focused on enactive approach as a conceptual extension from cognitive science that transcends the other paradigms. From this orientation, it calls for a mind-body fusion of the athlete, which is inseparable to the environment and opposing the prevailing dualism and reductionism. Finally, some guidelines and applications enactive research that are currently being developed are presented.

Keywords : Enactivism; cognition; information-movement coupling; post-cognitivism; sport; expertise.

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