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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

CASTILLO-MAYEN, Rosario  and  MONTES-BERGES, Beatriz. Analysis of current gender stereotypes. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.3, pp.1044-1060. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.2.138981.

Gender stereotypes are beliefs about attributes associated to women and men that reveal gender discrimination. In order to identify changes of gender discrimination, the study of the stereotypes that prevail nowadays is essential. With this in mind, a scale consisting of 258 stereotypic characteristics was elaborated. This scale comprised two versions, one for female and one for male, which permits the understanding of how each gender is perceived currently. Both versions were filled out by 164 undergraduates (50% women). Taking into account those stereotypes that are still differentially assigned to each gender, this study identifies current gender stereotypes that are independent of sociodemographic characteristics, such as age or sex. In addition, new gender stereotypes emerged recently were gathered, and important changes of stereotypes were emphasized, especially those of feminine stereotypes. According to social role theory, these changes are the consequence of social roles changes. Conclusions highlight that, although part of the results involve progress on the achievement of equality, traditional stereotypic characteristics are still referred to each gender, which perpetuate discrimination.

Keywords : gender stereotypes; gender discrimination; dynamic of stereotypes; social roles.

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