SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.30 issue3Effects of instructions and cue subjectiveness on specificity of autobiographical memory recallContent analysis and computational linguistics: its quickness, reliability and perspectives author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728


RODRIGUEZ-PEREZ, Armando et al. Normative data for 148 Spanish emotional words in terms of attributions of humanity. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.30, n.3, pp.1137-1145. ISSN 1695-2294.

Research on outgroup infrahumanization is based on the subtle and not deliberate distinction of secondary emotions, an exclusively human emotion, and primary emotions, which are shared by animals and human beings. According to prior studies, people attribute more secondary emotions to the ingroup than to the outgroup which they deny or restrict the ability to experience them. This study presents normative measures for 148 emotional words viewed by Spanish people in seven dimensions related to humanity assessments. Two factors were revealed by the principal components analysis (PCA). The first component was loaded on dimensions that differentiate the emotions depending on the cognitive demands (cognition, moral quality and duration) whereas the second one was loaded on their expressive profile (visibility, age at which they are acquired, universality and causal locus). These dimensions were analyzed in relation to desirability, familiarity and explicit humanity.

Keywords : infrahumanization; primary emotions; ingroup; normative data; outgroup; secondary emotions; emotional words.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License