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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

BADOS, Arturo  and  PERO, Maribel. Psychometric properties of the Modified Tonic Immobility Scale. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.1, pp.66-73. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.1.158071.

The Tonic Immobility Scale has been only studied in abuse and/or sexual assault survivors, but tonic immobility (TI) also occurs after other types of traumatic events. Consequently, we modified the scale for this purpose and studied its factor structure, internal consistency, and convergent, divergent and discriminant validity in 392 university students, most of whom had suffered one or more traumatic events of various kinds. The Fear subscale of the Modified Tonic Immobility Scale (MTIS) showed very low internal consistency, and must be eliminated or reformulated. Discrimination indices of items 5 and 8 were very low, and tríese items must be reformulated or removed. After removing the five previous items, the shortened version of the MTIS had a one-factor structure, although model fit was not completely satisfactory. This scale showed acceptable levels of reliability, convergent validity with post-traumatic symptomatology, divergent validity with measures of depression and anxiety, and discriminant validity differentiating between groups that had and had not experienced traumatic events. The psychometric properties of the shortened version of the MTIS should be studied further. It may also be advisable to add new items of TI in order to establish whether this is a construct with more than one dimension.

Keywords : Tonic immobility; trauma; tonic immobility scale; traumatic events questionnaire.

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