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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

FREITAS-ROSA, Marta; GONCALVES, Sónia  and  ANTUNES, Henedina. Prevalence and predictors of alcohol and tobacco consumption in adolescence: the role of weight status, clinical status and psychosocial dimensions. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.1, pp.217-225. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.1.158671.

The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of alcohol/tobacco consumption among adolescents (N = 370) aged 14 to 19 years in three groups: 205 adolescents with normal weight, 82 adolescents from the community with overweight or obesity, and 83 adolescents with overweight or obesity and in outpatient treatment for weight control. We also examined the roles of age, gender, weight, treatment condition, and psychosocial variables (psychopathological symptoms, social support, and emotional skills) in the presence of those risk behaviors. Our major findings were that the clinical group of overweight adolescents had fewer risk behaviors, than the overweight community group and the normal weight controls, particularly for risk behaviors related to alcohol use. The increase of age and lower satisfaction with family predicted tobacco consumption. The increase of age, not being integrated in a treatment for weight control and higher satisfaction with intimate relationships predicted alcohol consumption. Weight status was not a predictor of alcohol and cigarette use. This study discusses the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.

Keywords : Tobacco; alcohol; overweight; adolescence.

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