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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

IGLESIAS-SARMIENTO, Valentín; CARRIEDO LOPEZ, Nuria  and  RODRIGUEZ RODRIGUEZ, Juan L.. Updating executive function and performance in reading comprehension and problem solving. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.1, pp.298-309. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.1.158111.

In this investigation, the capacity of the working memory (WM) updating executive function to predict individual differences in reading comprehension and problem solving was analyzed in 5th-graders of Primary Education. In addition, we examined whether this relation is direct or mediated by domain-general or domain-specific variables. For this purpose, a series of tasks was administered to assess fluid intelligence, WM information updating, arithmetic abilities, arithmetic problem solving, lexical processing, and reading comprehension in 49 students aged between 10 and 11 years. The results support the idea that updating is an important predictor of reading comprehension, beyond the influence of domain-specific skills and fluid intelligence. In the case of problem solving, our findings confirm that updating plays an important role although, perhaps due to task content, the relation seems to be mediated by fluid intelligence at this developmental stage.

Keywords : Reading comprehension; problem solving; executive functioning updating; domain-specific skills; fluid intelligence.

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