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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

CARO-GABALDA, Isabel. The Subject in Cognitive Psychotherapy. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.2, pp.379-389. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.2.200201.

This paper discusses the various subjects embedded in cognitive psychotherapy. The cognitive model developed by Beck, considered as a rationalist and modernist model, will exemplify these subjects. Cognitive therapy should be placed in the modernist historical context and related to a subject characterized as having rationality and the ability to observe and detect cognitions, emotions and behaviors. The paper develops this background introducing three main subject types. The first is the introspective and conscious subject, who is able to observe what is within oneself, has free access, and is conscious of one's cognitive world. The second is the cognitive miser that describes the subject who enters into therapy. The final subject identified, is the trained scientist who is able to develop a more objective knowledge, changing faulty schemas and cognitive distortions. This subject is the one most looked for in cognitive therapy. We could connect these subjects to some of the main elements of cognitive therapy such as the concept of ABC, assessment procedures, cognitive techniques or the relevance of schemas. Finally, the paper suggests some issues for study that could contribute to the theoretical and clinical evolution of cognitive psychotherapy.

Keywords : Cognitive therapy subject; introspection; consciousness; cognitive miser; trained scientist.

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