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Anales de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1695-2294Print version ISSN 0212-9728

Abstract

LEMOS, Mariantonia. Allostasis theory as an explicative mechanism between the insecure attachments and chronic disease vulnerability. Anal. Psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.31, n.2, pp.452-461. ISSN 1695-2294.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.2.176361.

The attachment bond has been proven to be a vulnerability factor for chronic diseases. This article seeks to clarify this relationship by the theory of allostasis. Allostasis theory refers to the regulation of complex physiological processes by systemic response in the body mamtainmg physiological stability when a person is confronted by challenges. The insecure attachments confront children from his first years with stressful events, by failing to provide security, fundamental purpose of attachment. In this way insecure attachments could impact the calibration of the stress system in the early age and would be factors that increases the allostatic load by a larger number of stressful life events compare to people with secure attachment, a cognitive appraisal of threat that leads to the development of hypervigilance and the impact on stress regulation systems in the body.

Keywords : Stress; attachment; allostasis; allostatic load; development; chronic diseases.

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